Posted on december 14, 2020
chile social problems
“People think that with a new one, all the problems of Chile will be resolved and quality of life will improve. Santiago – Chile has been gripped by protests against high living costs and inequality for nearly two weeks. In July 2007, Chile's Health Commission approved the Charter of Rights and Duties of Patients containing relevant sections related to the rights of people with mental and intellectual disabilities. “What are the biggest problems facing Chile?” So many. It just wasn’t nearly enough. Pinera’s brother, Jose Pinera, is the mastermind of the current privatised pension system, which was introduced during the dictatorship. In Chile, unresolved economic problems may lead to new protests “With the resources this country has, these problems should have been solved many years ago. Demonstrators across Chile have been expressing their anger at high levels of inequality and the cost of living. As police attempted to stop the students at the stations with force, the protests spilled out into the streets. Angry over President Sebastian Pinera‘s response to the protests, demonstrators are calling for him to step down. Soziale Probleme Themengrafik: Migration. Die Geschichte Chiles umfasst die Entwicklungen auf dem Gebiet der heutigen Republik Chile von der Urgeschichte bis zur Gegenwart. Fundamentally, Chile’s problems revolve around incompetence, and lack of responsible behaviour, the unwillingness to embrace quality, the high levels of crime and evasion, coupled with an inability to admit a significant degree of corruption in favour of maintaining myth through “chamullo” At least 688 of those injured had wounds caused by weapons, according to the institute. Chile unrest: Growing anger over social inequality. Für die Energiewende braucht Europa Elektroautos und die brauchen für ihre Batterien Lithium. Responding to public outcry against the rising fare, then-Minister of Economy Juan Andres Fontaine announced that those upset with the price rise could wake up earlier and pay a lower rate. ‘s response to the protests, demonstrators are calling for him to step down. “The state continues paying, without touching the profits of the companies,” said Hassler, the councilwoman. He justified the decision, saying he wanted to maintain public order against vandals and crime. 30.10.2020 Chile: Soziale Organisationen in Chile fordern Beteiligung an neuer Verfassung . Outrage grew after the remarks, leading students to conduct a mass fare evasion by jumping over the metro turnstiles, and, in some instances, destroying them. In May of the same year, the Law for Social Integration of People with Disability has been submitted to Parliament. Chile’s government has sought for years to fix inequality problems that date to free market reforms under Pinochet. “We don’t have good public health, the salaries are low – there are so many things that act against the people, that they (the politicians) fill their pockets with. It is the worst violence the country has witnessed since the 17-year-long military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet, which ended in 1990. Broken glass and bricks littered streets in Santiago after more violent protests Monday, prompting Chile's government to extend a curfew in the capital for a third straight day. She says more players including social movements and non-governmental organisations need to be invited to help resolve this crisis and social problems in general. The Obama Administration has sought to build on these traditionally close ties and encourage Chile’s leadership in the Western Hemisphere. Insgesamt hat es eine Länge von 4 270 Kilometern(Deutschland passt 4mal in der Länge hinein), eine Breite von nur 180 Kilometern und eine Gesamtfläche von 756 089 Quadratkilometern. Civil protests have taken place throughout Chile in response to a raise in the Santiago Metro 's subway fare, the increased cost of living, privatisation and inequality prevalent in the country. Nearly two-thirds of Chile’s population lives in the fertile region surrounding Santiago. “It’s fine for the police to harshly confronts the looting, but they must respect demonstrations that are carried out peacefully,” he said. Videos on social media showed military officers yelling, as protesters waved signs showing photos of those who disappeared during the Pinochet dictatorship. Conservation groups are campaigning against the damming projects, arguing that they pose a considerable threat to the million-dollar tourist industry, which needs the area’s white waters and pristine parks. Both right and left wing parties have been implicated in corruption scandals, and President Michelle Bachelet’s son has been accused of using his influence to make lucrative land deals. Find out more by visiting the site of Futafriends, which aims to preserve the Futaleufú valley from environmental damage: www.futafriends.org. Makroökonomische Daten. Doch der Neoliberalismus hat viele Makel. There are calls to completely change model to a more social scheme. Chile was forced to reduce imports, which in turn reduced national production. Yet popular anger at government policies has been brewing for a … Auslöser war die Erhöhung von U-Bahn-Tickets. Although Pinera has addressed both in his reform plans, protesters are frustrated that his proposals come at a cost to the state, rather than to the private industries. The mining industry also happens to be a greedy one in terms of energy needs, which indirectly puts a heavy strain on natural resources. This high concentration of people has led to severe environmental deterioration in this area. One of the worst offenders is the mining sector, also one of Chile’s leading industries. “The problem is that people perceive that wealth and opportunity are not evenly distributed. The proposed subway fare hike was scrapped two days after the protests started and Chile’s President Sebastian Piñera announced social reforms, including an … Chile’s death toll has risen to 11, authorities said on Monday, after three days of violent demonstrations and looting that saw right-wing President Sebastian Pinera claim the country was “at war.”. A different form of air pollution affecting Chile’s southernmost parts is the increased ultraviolet radiation caused by the hole in the ozone layer above the Antarctica. Needless to say, becoming more aware of the way social factors affect health does not make the problems go away. At least 20 people have been killed in protests over inequality in the worst unrest to hit the country in decades. From our … ... the University of Chile … Criminality has recurrently been mentioned by a large majority of Chileans as one of the country's most serious problems. Das Gebiet des heutigen Chile ist seit mindestens 12.000 v. Chr. Corruption is a common problem in most of the world's states, and Peru does not escape this reality. However, plans to build dams on the Río Bío Bío and the river Futaleufú have already led to raging battles with indigenous activists, who point out that the dams would run afoul of indigenous laws. In 2000, the history of Peru was marked by the illegal and corrupt behavior of many members of the government. Political and strategic planning are undermined by a lack of state capacities and instruments that would ensure policymaking adopts a medium- to long-term perspective, especially in the case of social, economic and ethnic issues. He also emphasised that many allegations of abuse have yet to be properly investigated. Salmon farming operations, also a booming sector in the Lake District and in Patagonia, disperse salmon waste, antibiotics and other contaminants into streams, while fish escaping from commercial farms are said to colonize rivers and supplant native species. According to Victor Villegas, a sociologist at Santiago’s Alberto Hurtado University, “it’s not a coincidence” that the movement began with high school students because “they have always driven Chilean social movements”. Pinera has also proposed new social reforms, including a rise in the minimum wage, an increase in the state pension and the stabilisation of the costs of electricity. Chile ranks rather low on the world crime scale. The most apparent social development after 1600 was the rapid growth of a mestizo (mixed Indian and European) group, which gives present-day Chile its homogeneous ethnic character. The country has an annual murder rate of 1.7 per 100,000 inhabitants. Many water systems are polluted with sewage, and urban air pollution is severe. 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues: a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank. besiedelt. Als im Zuge der Asienkrise und der Brasilienkrise 1998 die Rohstoffpreise einbrachen, geriet auch Chile in eine Rezession.Nachdem sich der Kupferpreis von 1999 bis Ende 2005 um 275 % erhöht hat (von 0,74 US-Dollar auf 2,02 US-Dollar je englischem Pfund Feinkupfer), wächst die Wirtschaft Chiles auch wieder kräftiger. Problemas Sociales y Ambientales en Chile Chile es un país que presenta un número significativo de problemas ambientales, tanto los que afectan al medio ambiente natural, como … Zu diesem Zeitpunkt wurde er, gemeinsam mit anderen Demonstranten, von der Polizei verfolgt. The anger goes far beyond the cost of transport. Mitte 2017 lebten weltweit 258 Millionen Menschen in Staaten, in denen sie nicht geboren wurden. Ne ver theless, reducing inequalit y is s till a ver y pressing social problem. On Tuesday, the National Institute of Human Rights (INDH) said more than 1,233 civilians had gone to hospital with injuries from the unrest. Sudan PM visits Ethiopia as Tigrayan refugees surpass 50,000, Chinese capsule with 2kg of moon rocks begins journey to Earth, Bomb and gun attacks in Afghan capital kill three, EU, UK agree to push Brexit trade talks beyond Sunday deadline, Germany to impose stricter COVID lockdown during holiday season, Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire breached, says Russian army, Survivors recount horrific details of Mai Kadra massacre, Al Jazeera Centre for Public Liberties & Human Rights. In Chile, unresolved economic problems may lead to new protests “With the resources this country has, these problems should have been solved many years ago. Enter your username and password here in order to log into the website: You must register as an owner for access Although some welcomed the reforms, others said they did not go far enough. “When the costs rise, there are not many options,” he said at the time. SANTIAGO, Chile—Chile’s most diehard protesters may be young people, but their grievances possess a long lineage, one decades in the making. Responding to the criticism, the director of the Chilean police said protesters “want to criminalise us because we are fulfilling a constitutional mandate to restore public order”. Al Jazeera looks at what's behind the weeks of demonstrations. UN investigators arrived in the country on Monday after UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet called for an independent investigation into the deaths and “disturbing allegations” of excessive force used on protesters. Another plan, the ambitious proposed HydroAysen project, which requires damming two of Patagonia’s most pristine rivers, the Pascua and the Baker, would flood rare temperate rainforests and some of Patagonia's best ranching lands. Lagos worries that the issues Chile currently grapples with may soon be overshadowed by others, notably the challenge arising from an ageing population. Protesters in Chile are angry over high inequality, low wages and a thin social safety net. The protests began as a student-led demonstration against transport fares. Forests cover roughly one fifth of Chile’s surface, but excessive logging and the resulting soil erosion are a problem. There isn’t a level playing-field. The proposed 2000-km high-voltage transmission line north towards Santiago would also create a clear-cut through beautiful forested areas. 25.10.2020 Chile: Ein Jahr nach Protestbeginn: Heute Verfassungsreferendum in Chile. At least 20 civilians have been killed, according to officials. Reuters/Rodrigo Garrido. Nonetheless, The Economist Intelligence Unit expects the free-market principles of free trade and foreign investor friendliness to be retained. Chile’s middle class is struggling with high prices, low wages, and a privatized retirement system that leaves many older people in bitter poverty. As the protests continue, Al Jazeera examines the underlying reasons behind the protests in what is considered one of South America’s most stable countries. Threats to the environment also translate into attacks on the natural habitat of local wildlife. Chile may be the economic star of Latin America but its protests show that’s not enough . Other Environmental Issues in Chile Air Pollution in Chile. At least 20 people have been killed in protests over inequality in the worst unrest to hit the country in decades. I went out to march and if I … While copper smelters spew away, gold mines use cyanide which is extremely toxic for humans, livestock and wildlife. He lifted the state of emergency on Sunday, and a day later he replaced eight of his cabinet members, including the minister of the economy and Andres Chadwick, Pinera’s cousin and minister of internal affairs, who called protesters “criminals”. Here are some related tips to help plan your trip to Chile: Traveler’s Checks, Chile Mail, Shipping and Customs, Chilean wine, Communications and Media , Chile Phones, Banks , When to Go to Viña del Mar, Money & Costs , Economy and Chile Facts. Also remember that many parts of Chile are bathed in a dry, Mediterranean climate and suffer from forest fires, o take extra caution when lighting a camping stove or fire within a park. These problems because the government had recently overthrown a dictator in 1990 and the government still has to "get in the hang of things." Many criticised Pinera’s decision to declare the state of emergency so quickly, without addressing the public first. Davon lebte mehr als die Hälfte in nur zehn Staaten. Also endangered are four types of freshwater fish and more than 200 plant species. Furthermore, 3.2 percent of the people interviewed quoted immigrants as one of the main problems in their country, leaving behind income distribution, the political situation and the … The central valley may be a bread basket but at a price: fruit growers use copious amounts of fertilizers and pesticides, which filter through to table water. Here's what to know about the protests in Santiago Chile’s president welcomed them, saying he has nothing to hide. Videos have surfaced on social media showing the military and police hitting, shooting and running over civilians on the street. This shows Chile ranks as one of the most unequal country among a group of 30 of the world's wealthiest nations. Metro stations, supermarkets, and petrol stations were burned, leading the president to declare a state of emergency. Lateinamerika Ende der Geduld: Soziale Ungleichheit in Südamerika. Incomes diminished, while public expenditures grew. Middle income country problems. Nach dem Zensus von 1992 identifizierten sich 928.060 Personen über 14 Jahre als Mapuche. The new ministers were also criticised for having little experience. Considering the hefty social cost that the second option would entail, the first one seems to be the most viable course of action, and this will require maintaining or expanding the monetary boost. According to Jose Miguel Ahumada, a political economist and associate professor at the University of Chile, the country is “one of the most unequal countries in Latin America”. But after a mass protest on Friday, which saw more than one million people rally in cities across the country, Pinera opted for a more positive approach. 20-40 years ago the Chilean government has lowers the poverty problem drastically (40%-20%) while education has not changed. Since 1990, the country has made notable social progress. Chile was set to host the APEC trade summit next month, and the climate change summit COP25 in December, but Pinera backed out of the events on Wednesday, saying he had to prioritise “re-establishing public order”. Social Problems and Control. Pinera’s concessions have so far failed to satisfy protesters, with many vowing to stay in the streets until he steps down. It also meant military forces were deployed to the streets and curfews were enforced. Pollution from industry and transportation is especially acute in urban centers, where the population has doubled over the last 30 years. Looting has also taken place and supermarkets and petrol stations have been set on fire. Among the most common: those caused by … Chileans are also frustrated with the increasing cost of living, low wages and pensions, a lack of education rights, a poor public health system and crippling inequality. Im Norden grenzt Peru, im Osten Bolivien und Argentinien an Chile, und im Süden und Westen ist der Pazifische Ozean vorgelagert. Problems related to human rights in Chile include discrimination against indigenous populations; societal violence and discrimination against women, children, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people; child labor; and harsh prison conditions and treatment. “Since the dictatorship, they have been involved in political movements, and this time again, they again took the baton and started the protests,” he said. Greater reforms for social services will have to be introduced if the government hopes to ease any tensions going forward, according to analysts. Environmental issues in Chile Photographic book - Chile - 7/03/19. Chile is rich, but on Piñera’s watch, it’s also the most unequal country in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Chile has been growing for most of the past decade,” he said. One of Chile’s most intractable problems is air pollution. The large anti-government protests in Chile have led to more than 1,000 injuries. “Chileans feel like they are losing public participation” in political decision making, Villegas, the sociologist, said. Pollution from industry and transportation is especially acute in urban centers, where the population has doubled over the last 30 years. Pinera welcomed the investigators, saying “we have nothing to hide”. Chile - Nachrichten und Information: An 365 Tagen im Jahr, rund um die Uhr aktualisiert, die wichtigsten News auf tagesschau.de Chile's main environmental problems are the pollution of its air, water and land, and deforestation. Es leben jedoch nur noch ca. In beiden Ländern gibt es Anti-Regierungsdemos und es kommt zu teils gewalttätigen Ausschreitungen. Die Mapuche sind das größte indigene Volk in Chile. Chile has long been considered one of Latin America’s least corrupt countries, which is why recent revelations have left the nation in shock. In early October, the government announced that the metro rush hour prices would rise by 30 pesos ($0.04). Protesters say Chile's economic unrest is decades in the making. The Santiago conurbation, choking in bus and truck diesel fumes and home to half of the country’s industry, was ranked the second most polluted city in Latin America after Mexico by Science magazine a few years ago. 20.10.2020 Chile, Lateinamerika: Fälle exzessiver Polizeigewalt in Lateinamerika nehmen zu . This article was originally published in ArchDaily en Español last October 30, twelve days after the social crisis in Chile escalated. “There’s a problem that the right wing are not understanding.”. Attempts at imposing alternative driving days for private vehicles have made little difference, and the congested public transportation system contributes to unpleasant levels of noise pollution. Main social problems in Peru 1- Corruption . Chile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations. Reuters … “One that prioritises the lives of human beings above private property”. According to Jose Miguel Ahumada, a political economist and associate professor at the University of Chile, the country is “one of the most unequal countries in Latin America”. Der Abbau aber führt zu sozialen und ökologischen Problemen in Herkunftsländern, wie etwa in Chile. “We want a constitutional assembly to write a new constitution” says Iraci Hassler, a Santiago councilwoman. Another rift in society is marked by access to pure drinking water, a normal feature of daily life for 99% of urban Chileans, but only for half of those living in rural areas. 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