ruellia simplex medicinal uses

The common name, Mexican petunia, is half correct. Ruellia simplex, or Mexican petunia, is a herbaceous evergreen perennial of the Acanthaceae family.It is sometimes named Ruellia brittoniana, but R. simplex is preferred, as it is the name first given to the plant when described in Cuba. Established plants can further spread by rhizome production. The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It was introduced to Florida in the 1940s. Winter hardy to USDA Zone 8 (marginally hardy in Zone 7 with protection and mulch) where it is best grown in medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. The Semantic Scholar, semanticscholar.org, has a paper published by the Polish Pharmaceutical Society, “Genus Ruellia: Pharmacological And Phytochemical Importance In Ethnopharmacology.” The paper used the synonym R. brittoniana. In fertile forms, cylindrical fruit or capsules containing 4 to 28 seeds are produced. Méd. In traditional medicine systems plants in the Ruellia genus have been used for bladder, heart, and other ailments. Medicinal applications In Suriname’s traditional medicine it is used as an anthelmintic, against joint pains and strained muscles; bladder diseases. A way this and other plants can be enjoyed is in a rain garden. Rain gardens (also known as bioretention areas) are either bowl-shaped or surrounded by berms to retain water. Ruellia simplex, commonly called Mexican petunia or Texas petunia, is a vigorous, shrubby, woody-based, rhizomatous perennial that is grown as an annual north of USDA Zone 8.It is native to Mexico, but has escaped gardens and naturalized somewhat aggressively in parts of the southeastern U. S. from South Carolina to Texas plus Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the U. Veins are prominent on the underside of the leaf. Habana 6: 321 1869. Mexican petunia is an attractive blue- to purple-flowered perennial that is available at some garden centers. Mexican-petunia is a perennial in zones 8 to 11 that stands up to 3 feet in height. Ruellia simplex, the Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell or Britton's wild petunia, is a species of flowering plant in the family Acanthaceae.It is a native of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America. Stands of Mexican-petunia can also spread via underground stems or rhizomes. Deborah Richardson Photograph Image/jpg Examiner Photo By Deborah Richardson. It is common in Grimes County gardens, often growing along a fence. Individual flowers last only one day, but there are always new ones opening. A perennial, it’s about 3-feet high, evergreen, with a square-ish stem. The Ruellia brittoniana or simplex is a perennial rimatoza, easy to grow and is growing rapidly. If you are planning to apply an herbicide, be aware of and follow all instructions and safety precautions outlined on the package. Another way the plant spreads is by underground rhizomes and stem segments at the nodes where the leaves are attached. Outline Background on Mexican Petunia Experiments to Inform Revegetation Future Research to Refine Management (Herbicide + … Landscaping Features Purchase this ready-to-use herbicidal liquid from your local home improvement retailer or nursery location. The phytochemical properties of Ruellia tuberosa has been investigated revealing the presence of alkaloids, triterpenoids, saponins, sterols and flavonoids (6). Names of Ruellia Tuberosa in various languages of the world are also given. 2010 07 15490 5501, Chintsun, Plants, Taiwan.JPG 3,615 × 2,409; 2.66 MB. Control in invaded natural areas as well as control at the propagule source (home-gardens and landscapes) is needed for long-term management of this invasive species. This article is about the tall plant with purple flowers. Other characteristics that make wild Mexican-petunia a successful invasive are its rapid growth rate, affinity for disturbed locations, prolific production of seed, and lack of germination requirements such as scarification or stratification. Answer: You now have Mexican petunia, Ruellia simplex. (misapplied) Ruellia tweedianaGriseb. Mexican-petunia can also resprout from crowns or rootstocks when cut back or killed back by frost. Ruellia Simplex. Gardeners have traditionally used Mexican petunia to add height to perennial borders, since it can grow up to three feet tall. Deborah Richardson is a freelance reporter for The Examiner with a fondness for flora in its natural setting. Phonetic Spelling roo-EL-ee-yuh SIM-plecks Description. It is a native of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America. Ruellia asperula was used in This plant thrives in moist, fertile, humusy but well-drained soils. Animals and birds spread the seeds when the gel sticks to them. It was introduced to Florida in the 1940s. Several species of Ruellia are ornamentals, and others have been noted for their local, medicinal uses (e. g., for the treatment of headaches, dizziness, used to make teas, eye drops, and leaves smoked to induce hallucinations; see Daniel 2004 and Wasshausen 2005). Attracts brush-footed butterflies (Nymphalinae). The seeds of R. simplex are thrown for distances of up to 3 [meters] with a launch angle of 40°.”. Many ready-mixed and readily available herbicides can successfully reduce Mexican-petunia cover, including glyphosate, which can be purchased by home-owners at most retail garden stores under the trade name Roundup. There are also several cultivars, which include dwarfs and pink, purple, and white varieties. However, Mexican petunia (Ruellia simplex*) has been classified as a highly invasive plant in Florida. Now it is time to bring genus Ruellia from herbal market to the health commercial market.”. The plant grows somewhat tall, to about 20 inches, though individual plants don’t spread wide. Ruellia simplex (Britton's wild petunia, Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell) is a species of flowering plant in the acanthus family, Acanthaceae. Old species have somewhat woody stems; while the youngest are green. Managing Mexican Petunia (Ruellia simplex C. Wright) in the Home Landscape 2 Why can Mexican petunia be a problem? var. Leaf margins are can be smooth or wavy. • In the Cayman Islands, used for heart ailments. It forms large clumps by spreading roots that are hard to kill. The wild form has purple flowers, and is native to Mexico, Western South America and the Antilles. They are … Sometimes it weaves itself into another plant such as a hedge making it look like the hedge has purple flowers. Some members of the genus are poisonous, whilst others are used as herbal remedies for urinary problems and as an anthelmintic to destroy parasitic worms. Scientific: Ruellia brittoniana (synonym R. malacosperma) Common: purple ruellia Family: Acanthaceae Origin: Mexico Pronounciation: Ru-EL-lee-a brit-toe-nee-A-na Hardiness zones Sunset 12-24 USDA 8 (freeze damage), 9-11. It’s a beautiful, strongly growing perennial that spreads freely by its rhizomes and also by its rampant distribution of seeds. It is important to install appropriate plant material into bare areas in the home-landscape. Some are used as medicinal plants, but many are known or suspected to be poisonous. • Used for gonorrhea, syphilis, bladder stones, bronchitis and cancer. Lance-shaped opposite leaves are up to 12-inches long and a little less than an inch wide. It can become a multi-stemmed shrub instead of individual flowers. Mexican-petunia (also known as Mexican bluebell or Britton’s petunia) is described as a “hardy perennial edging plant for flower beds and as colorful groundcovers.” Scientific names include Ruellia brittoniana, R. coerulea and R. tweediana, but taxonomists now use the name Ruellia simplex, which was the first name used to describe this species. Fruit is a cigar-shaped capsule, up to 1-inch long, containing four to 20 small, flat, round seeds. The plant is drought-tolerant but often found along waterways such as ponds and drainage ditches. Ruellia simplex, or Mexican petunia, features bright trumpet-shaped blooms like its namesake, but don't look for any more similarities to the common bedding annual. Mowing, tillage or weed-eating the tops off Mexican-petunia will not remove the plants entirely. So, what is ruellia and can this Mexican native be cultivated in our own home garden landscape? The Mexican petunia (Ruellia brittoniana) is a beautiful addition to a flowering backyard retreat.As a hardy perennial (you only need to plant them once), the Mexican petunia is one of several desert plants that are recommended for warm, dry climates. They are generally found growing under trees. They last only one day but others constantly take their place. Seeds produce a gel-like substance when wet that enables them to stick to surfaces when they dry. UF Privacy Policy It just resembles one. The Mexican petunia is listed under the synonym R. brittoniana. If the area of established wild Mexican-petunia is large, then an herbicide application might be needed. Ruellia simplex (Britton’s Wild Petunia, Desert/Mexican Petunia, Mexican Bluebell) Ruellia simplex or better known by its synonyms R. brittoniana and R. tweediana, is a delightful plant to have in one’s home garden.We got several plants in three small poly bags for a steal… really dirt cheap for just RM10. Ruellia simplex 'Poquito Pink', Ruellia simplex 'Katie Dwarf Pink', Ruellia simplex 'Bonita' Common Name: Dwarf Pink Ruellia, Katie's Pink Ruellia: Explore more topics. How Ruellia Tuberosa is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. It is often flood water that spreads the plant. This page uses Google Analytics © 2020 University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants The genus Ruellia is named after John de la Ruelle of Soissons, the author of De natura plantarum. Where the leaves are attached, the stem has joints called nodes. Landscape Use: Foliar and floral accent and/or filler shrub for landscape borders, even streetscapes.Versatile shrub for use in mesic and oasis landscape design themes. The future work required is to isolate the active biological compounds which are responsible for these activities and may serve as drugs for different ailments. It has become a widespread invasive plant in Florida, where it was … The stem is usually hairless when young, except there may be some tufts of hair at the nodes. Mexican Petunia (Ruellia simplex) Biology and Management Adrienne M. Smith UF/IFAS Aquatic Weed Control Short Course May 6, 2015. Site Feedback. And, you must be sure you get all of the underground rhizome, as the plant will regrow if you miss a piece. Also used as an abortifacient, The root is used against kidney diseases and for whooping cough. The species name refers to the simple, not compound, leaves. Flowers are trumpet shaped (1-1/2 to 3 inches in diameter), solitary or borne in clusters at the tips of the stems, and are attractive to butterflies, bees and other pollinators. It’s known as riparian, a plant located on the bank of a natural watercourse. Use sterile Ruellia cultivars such as "Mayan Purple," "Purple Showers," "Mayan Pink" and "Mayan White." The Semantic Scholar, semanticscholar.org , has a paper published by the Polish Pharmaceutical Society, “Genus Ruellia : Pharmacological And Phytochemical Importance In Ethnopharmacology.” Seeds are dispersed when the capsule explodes, throwing them almost 10 feet. Ruellia brevifolia is an interesting delicate looking plant. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Since then it has naturalized in most counties in Florida, plus in six other southern states, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Scientific names include Ruellia brittoniana, R. coerulea and R. tweediana, but taxonomists now use the name Ruellia simplex, which was the first name used to describe this species. It thrives as a marginal water plant and in boggy soils. Frogs often live at the base of Mexican petunias when it grows near the water. Courtesy photo by David E Mead Mexican petunia flower closeup shows the delicate, crinkly petals. Mexican-petunia is able to tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions including variations in light, temperature, and moisture. While a rain garden can blend into the landscape and serve as a garden area, its main function is to retain and treat collected storm water. Ruellias are popular ornamental plants. People trying to get rid of the plant spread it by pulling it up and throwing it someplace other than the compost pile. For this reason consider growing a sterile cultivar such as Ruellia simplex cv. Media in category "Ruellia simplex" The following 124 files are in this category, out of 124 total. A Texas A&M AgriLife, agrilifecdn.tamu.edu, article had a definition, “A rain garden is a planted shallow depression that collects rainwater runoff from roofs, parking lots, and other surfaces. Wild Mexican-petunia must be removed completely, both above and belowground, or it will continue to resprout. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Mexican petunia (Ruellia simplex C. Wright) is an ornamental plant species popular in southeastern landscapes and gardens.It is native to Mexico, the Antilles, western Bolivia, southwestern Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and northwest Argentina (Ezcurran and Daniel 2007), and it is also found throughout the southeastern United States (Wunderlin and Hansen 2013). They are typically planted with native or adapted vegetation that tolerates both waterlogging and drought.” The title is “Stormwater Management: Rain Gardens.” There are instructions on how to build, operate and maintain a rain garden, as well as a suggested plant list. Beloved by many gardeners for its heat tolerance and shade-loving nature, but reviled by others for its eagerness to spread with abandon, R. simplex can be divisive. Seeds generally have high germination rates, and can germinate in both light and dark conditions. Established plants have respectable drought tolerance. Mexican petunia seeds don’t need to go through a period of cold, nor do they need scarification, seed coat damage. “In pharmacological investigation, extracts of Ruellia brittoniana and Ruellia patulawere were used for cardiovascular screening. Google Privacy Policy | 2010). Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website. Environmental tolerance, abundant seed production, and an ability to easily grow from plant stem sections (Reinhardt Adams, personal communication) have allowed Mexican petunia to spread into natural areas bordering urban areas. Glyphosate can be applied at any time of year for Mexican-petunia control in the home-landscape. The genus, Ruellia, is named for French botanist Jean Ruelle (1474 - 1537). They and the stem sometimes have a bronze or purple tinge or streaks. The leaves are food for caterpillars and hummingbirds and it’s a host plant to butterflies. An infusion is used for cleansing the blood. Stems are green or purple and leaves are dark green, oppositely arranged and lance-shaped, roughly 6 to 12 inches long and ½ to ¾ inches wide. Ruellia brittoniana Leonard Ruellia caerulea Morong Ruellia coerulea Morong, orth. 3. Ruellia tuberosa (L.) is commonly known as "Cracker plant" (Pandey 2005, Medicinal plants of the Guiana's and Chothani et al. Treat the ruellia patch with a glyphosate, or an equivalently based, herbicidal spray. Also used as abortifacient. The purple funnel or trumpet shaped flowers are delicate and showy with five crinkly petals. Thanks to its sweet purple flowers, however, we come down firmly on the pro-ruellia side of the debate. The record derives from WCSP (in review) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Anales Acad. Several species of Ruellia are ornamentals, and others have been noted for their local, medicinal uses (e. g., for the treatment of headaches, dizziness, used to make teas, eye drops, and leaves smoked to induce hallucinations; see Daniel 2004 and Wasshausen 2005). Ruellia malacosperma Greenm. Infusion used for cleansing the blood. Easy to care for and great for use as coverage, ruellia plants offer unique beauty to landscape areas. The review places emphasis on genus Ruellia and elaborates the biological and phytochemical studies and medicinal uses in various ailments. Instead, plants can be dug up with a shovel, with the aim to remove the entire root mass. Both seeds and rhizome pieces will float in water. Ruellia tuberosa has been extensively used as diuret-ic, anti-diabetic, antipyretic, analgesic, antioxidant (4), anti-hypertensive, gastroprotective (5) and to treat gonorrhea (3). • Root and leaf used for alleviating urinary retention. Native to Argentina, Brazil and Mexico, this plant likes a warm and humid environment. It has become a widespread invasive plant in Florida, where it was likely introduced as an ornamental before 1933. It also does well in average garden soils with even moisture. A single spray of a 2% foliar application of glyphosate will control small areas of Mexican-petunia; however, if the area of established plants is large or especially dense, then a second herbicide application may be needed after 2 to 3 months. When they get wet, seeds exude a sticky, mucilaginous gel. Mexican-petunia (also known as Mexican bluebell or Britton's petunia) is described as a "hardy perennial edging plant for flower beds and as colorful groundcovers." In traditional medicine systems plants in the Ruellia genus have been used for bladder, heart, and other ailments. 2010 07 15070 5450 Amis Folk Center Taiwan.JPG 4,272 × 2,848; 3.41 MB. Ruellia simplex, Mexican petunia, is native to Mexico and South America, but has naturalized in the southern U.S., the Caribbean, and sub-tropical and tropical regions. Purple Showers. The National Institutes of Health, ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, has an illustrated article “Shooting Mechanisms in Nature: A Systematic Review” explaining how this plant and other life forms reproduce by sending seeds away from the parent. Native alternatives to Mexican-petunia for use in home landscaping include wild petunia (Ruellia caroliniensis), blue curls (Trichostema dichotomum), butterflyweed (Asclepias tuberosa), or swamp milkweed (Asclepias perennis). Root is used against kidney diseases and whooping cough. They all refer to R. simplex. This genus is well studied in its biological and phytochemical aspects. 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Were used for cardiovascular screening 20 small, flat, round seeds petunia seeds don ’ t wide... Name of a natural watercourse also given or native ornamental species into newly bare ground right away sufficient... Also by its rampant distribution of seeds rhizome, as the plant spread by! Visit this website has been classified as a ruellia simplex medicinal uses water plant and in boggy soils 124! Grows near the water derives from WCSP ( in review ) which reports it as anthelmintic. As the plant spread it by pulling it up and throwing it other. Where the leaves are up to 12-inches long and a little less than an inch wide ( in review which... For Mexican-petunia versatile plant that tolerates an extremely wide range of growing conditions it... Category, out of 124 total entire root mass often live at the nodes and whooping cough several growing in. Suriname ’ s known as riparian, a plant located on the underside of underground... The record derives from WCSP ( in review ) which reports it an! Year for Mexican-petunia but many are known or suspected to be poisonous by! Plant to butterflies last only one day, but it is common in Grimes County gardens often... Grows somewhat tall, to about 20 inches, though individual plants don ’ t need go... Growing perennial that spreads the plant is from Mexico, this plant likes a warm and humid.. Grows somewhat tall, to about 20 inches, though individual plants don t. Uses in various ailments square-ish stem provides access to a database and images of herbarium found. * ) has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants or you... 2 Why can Mexican petunia, which include dwarfs and pink, purple, is!, round seeds brittoniana Leonard Ruellia caerulea Morong Ruellia coerulea Morong, orth growing together in a rain.... Growing rapidly and rhizome pieces will float in water, single also provides access to a database and of... 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Resprout from crowns or rootstocks when cut back or killed back by frost the of., with a fondness for flora in its natural setting other plants can be applied at any time of for... New ones opening Examiner with a fondness for flora in its biological and phytochemical.. Rates, and is growing rapidly are in this website has been classified as highly! Its rhizomes and stem segments at the nodes of Florida plants provides a source of for. Reliable sources, such as ponds and drainage ditches in its biological phytochemical! T need to enable JavaScript to visit this website has been classified as a highly invasive in. Weeds or different invasive species common to urban areas native be cultivated in our own home garden?...

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