Posted on december 14, 2020
caligula meaning in english
 In 38, Caligula sent Agrippa to Alexandria unannounced to check on Flaccus. Ancient historians state that Caligula began falsely accusing, fining and even killing individuals for the purpose of seizing their estates. , When Tiberius died on 16 March 37 AD, his estate and the titles of the principate were left to Caligula and Tiberius's own grandson, Gemellus, who were to serve as joint heirs. - NERO CAESAR. This trip to the English Channel could have merely been a training and scouting mission. He was buried within the Mausoleum of Augustus; in 410, during the Sack of Rome, the ashes in the tomb were scattered. J.H.  The claim has been met with scepticism by Cambridge historian Mary Beard.  Reportedly, he began referring to himself as a god when meeting with politicians and he was referred to as "Jupiter" on occasion in public documents.  He replaced the consul and had several senators put to death. The young emperor then uses his unfettered power to 'bring the impossible into the realm of the likely'.  Suetonius records that Caligula's death resembled that of Julius Caesar.  The ships burned in 1944 after an attack in the Second World War; almost nothing remains of their hulls, though many archaeological treasures remain intact in the museum at Lake Nemi and in the Museo Nazionale Romano (Palazzo Massimo) at Rome.  Gaius had two older brothers, Nero and Drusus, as well as three younger sisters, Agrippina the Younger, Julia Drusilla and Julia Livilla. Josephus gives a detailed description of Caligula's assassination. , The validity of these accounts is debatable.  He built a large racetrack known as the circus of Gaius and Nero and had an Egyptian obelisk (now known as the "Vatican Obelisk") transported by sea and erected in the middle of Rome. Caligula definition: original name Gaius Caesar , son of Germanicus.  Juvenal reports he was given a magic potion that drove him insane.  Nonetheless, these lost primary sources, along with the works of Seneca and Philo, were the basis of surviving secondary and tertiary histories on Caligula written by the next generations of historians. Caligula phrase. He also sleeps with his sister, organises elaborate orgies and embarks on a fruitless invasion of England before meeting an … Caption: C. CAESAR DIVI AVG. On 22 January 41 (Suetonius gives the date as 24 January), Cassius Chaerea and other guardsmen accosted Caligula as he addressed an acting troupe of young men beneath the palace, during a series of games and dramatics being held for the Divine Augustus. In Rome, another statue of himself, of colossal size, was made of gilt brass for the purpose. What are synonyms for Caligula? Little is written on the first two years of Caligula's reign. Caligula in English. Caligula Definition: original name Gaius Caesar , son of Germanicus. , In 31, Caligula was remanded to the personal care of Tiberius on Capri, where he lived for six years. The situation had escalated when, in 40, Caligula announced to the Senate that he planned to leave Rome permanently and to move to Alexandria in Egypt, where he hoped to be worshipped as a living god.  He was also a nephew of Claudius, Germanicus' younger brother and the future emperor. Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition.  In 30, his brother Drusus was imprisoned on charges of treason and his brother Nero died in exile from either starvation or suicide. He soon recovered from his illness, but many believed that the illness turned the young emperor toward the diabolical: he started to kill off or exile those who were close to him or whom he saw as a serious threat. On 17 January 2011, police in Nemi, Italy, announced that they believed they had discovered the site of Caligula's burial, after arresting a thief caught smuggling a statue which they believed to be of the emperor.  According to Josephus, power made Caligula incredibly conceited and led him to think he was a god.  Suetonius places the beginning of this crisis in 38.  He is accused of sleeping with other men's wives and bragging about it, killing for mere amusement, deliberately wasting money on his bridge, causing starvation, and wanting a statue of himself in the Temple of Jerusalem for his worship. Additionally, there are only limited details on later significant events, such as the annexation of Mauretania, Caligula's military actions in Britannia, and his feud with the Roman Senate. original name Gaius Caesar, son of Germanicus. Indeed, he was represented as a sun god on Egyptian coins. , Historians describe a number of Caligula's other desperate measures. Alexander Thomson. , In October 37, Caligula fell seriously ill, or perhaps was poisoned. And best of all it's ad free, so sign up now and start using at home or in the classroom. One coin of Caligula (AD 37–41), and two coins of Nero (AD 54–68). All Free.  Augustus had the public worship his spirit on occasion, but Dio describes this as an extreme act that emperors generally shied away from.  Meanwhile, both Caligula's mother and his brother Drusus died in prison. , Caligula had two large ships constructed for himself (which were recovered from the bottom of Lake Nemi around 1930). Type: noun; Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; HeiNER - the Heidelberg Named Entity Resource. , When several client kings came to Rome to pay their respects to him and argued about their nobility of descent, he allegedly cried out the Homeric line: "Let there be one lord, one king. Aldrete, Gregory. Gaius Caesar Germanicus, better known as Caligula, was 24 years old when he became the third Roman emperor in 37 A.D.  By the time Caligula's loyal Germanic guard responded, the Emperor was already dead. Philo's works, On the Embassy to Gaius and Flaccus, give some details on Caligula's early reign, but mostly focus on events surrounding the Jewish population in Judea and Egypt with whom he sympathizes. Caligula . Publishing Editor. Last 100 years Although Tiberius was 77 and on his death bed, some ancient historians still conjecture that he was murdered. Pearn, "Epilepsy and Drowning in Childhood,". Last 50 years  The question of whether Caligula was insane (especially after his illness early in his reign) remains unanswered..  Mauretania was annexed by Caligula and subsequently divided into two provinces, Mauretania Tingitana and Mauretania Caesariensis, separated by the river Malua.  According to Josephus, these actions led to several failed conspiracies against Caligula.  Additionally, Tiberius' treason trials had eliminated a number of pro-Julian senators such as Asinius Gallus. Caligula name numerology is 3 and here you can learn how to pronounce Caligula, Caligula origin and similar names to Caligula name. Type: noun; Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; HeiNER - the Heidelberg Named Entity Resource . International Volunteer Day (sometimes abbreviated to IVD) takes place annually on December 5th. Tacitus provides some information on Caligula's life under Tiberius. What is the meaning of Caligula? IMP.  "Seashells", or conchae in Latin, may be a metaphor for something else such as female genitalia (perhaps the troops visited brothels) or boats (perhaps they captured several small British boats).  After the death of his father, Caligula lived with his mother until her relations with Tiberius deteriorated. Translation for 'Caligula' in the free English-Dutch dictionary and many other Dutch translations. In Roman political culture, insanity and sexual perversity were often presented hand-in-hand with poor government. Germanicus' uncle and adoptive father, Tiberius, succeeded Augustus as emperor of Rome in AD 14. She is said to have committed suicide, although Suetonius hints that Caligula actually poisoned her. , A sacred precinct was set apart for his worship at Miletus in the province of Asia and two temples were erected for worship of him in Rome. The son of the popular Roman general Germanicus and Augustus' granddaughter Agrippina the Elder, Caligula was born into the first ruling family of the Roman Empire, conventionally known as the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Despite financial difficulties, Caligula embarked on a number of construction projects during his reign. Aiding him in his actions was his good friend, Herod Agrippa, who became governor of the territories of Batanaea and Trachonitis after Caligula became emperor in 37.. The paucity of sources has resulted in significant gaps in modern knowledge of the reign of Caligula. , All surviving sources, except Pliny the Elder, characterize Caligula as insane. 12–41 ad, Roman emperor (37–41), noted for his cruelty and tyranny; assassinated. Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper.  Caligula was briefly married to Junia Claudilla in 33, though she died in childbirth the following year. According to Wilkinson, Caligula's use of precious metals to mint coins throughout his principate indicates that the treasury most likely never fell into bankruptcy. , The current and past highway commissioners were accused of incompetence and embezzlement and forced to repay money. It is not listed in the top 1000 names. English to Urdu dictionary gives you the best and accurate urdu meanings of Caligula. Occasionally he was liable to faintness, during which he remained incapable of any effort". Additionally, the historians who wrote them are described as biased, either overly critical or praising of Caligula. Caligula translation in English-Latin dictionary. When he arrived at the age of manhood he endured fatigue tolerably well.  He had planned to rebuild the palace of Polycrates at Samos, to finish the temple of Didymaean Apollo at Ephesus and to found a city high up in the Alps. The young Gaius earned … ad 12-41.  Seneca states that Caligula became arrogant, angry and insulting once he became emperor and uses his personality flaws as examples his readers can learn from.  It is said that he wished to be worshipped as Neos Helios, the "New Sun".  In response, Caligula ordered the erection of a statue of himself in the Jewish Temple of Jerusalem, a demand in conflict with Jewish monotheism. , In 39, relations between Caligula and the Roman Senate deteriorated.  He destroyed Tiberius's treason papers, declared that treason trials were a thing of the past, and recalled those who had been sent into exile. Additionally, given Caligula's unpopularity among the surviving sources, it is difficult to separate fact from fiction. , In 38, Caligula focused his attention on political and public reform. Macro had fallen out of favor with the emperor, probably due to an attempt to ally himself with Gemellus when it appeared that Caligula might die of fever. Our new online dictionaries for schools provide a safe and appropriate environment for children. 12–41 ad , Roman emperor (37–41), noted... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Originally Gaius Claudius Caesar Germanicus. , In 39, Caligula performed a spectacular stunt by ordering a temporary floating bridge to be built using ships as pontoons, stretching for over two miles from the resort of Baiae to the neighbouring port of Puteoli. " Caligula was loved by many for being the beloved son of the popular Germanicus, and because he was not Tiberius. Even with all that, he was popular with the Roman public in his time. 12–41 ad , Roman emperor (37–41), noted... | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und Beispiele Oderint dum metuant definition is - let them hate, so long as they fear. Caligula's sister, Agrippina the Younger, wrote an autobiography that certainly included a detailed explanation of Caligula's reign, but it too is lost. , Caligula accepted the powers of the principate as conferred by the Senate and entered Rome on 28 March amid a crowd that hailed him as "our baby" and "our star", among other nicknames. Here are a few words and phrases you might hear in Nottingham and the surrounding areas! Suetonius. Even with all that, he was popular with the Roman public in his time. After only four years, he was assassinated by members of his bodyguard and the Roman Senate.During his reign, many innocent people were killed without fair trials. Caligula and his sisters were accused of having incestuous relationships.  Caligula collected and brought back the bones of his mother and of his brothers and deposited their remains in the tomb of Augustus. All Years The play was later the subject of numerous revisions. - NERO CAESAR AVG. Caligula . Germanicus' uncle and adoptive father, Tiberius, succeeded Augustus as emperor of Rome in AD 14. , However, some historians have shown scepticism towards the large number of sesterces quoted by Suetonius and Dio. , Quadrans celebrating the abolition of a tax in AD 38 by Caligula. What does Caligula expression mean? Seneca's various works give mostly scattered anecdotes on Caligula's personality. He states that both the elder Gaius Julius Caesar (Julius Caesar) and the younger Gaius Julius Caesar (Caligula) were stabbed 30 times by conspirators led by a man named Cassius (Cassius Longinus and Cassius Chaerea). , During the same year, though, Caligula was criticized for executing people without full trials and for forcing the Praetorian prefect, Macro, to commit suicide. The smaller ship was designed as a temple dedicated to Diana.  Details recorded on the events vary somewhat from source to source, but they agree that Chaerea stabbed Caligula first, followed by a number of conspirators. Following the death of Tiberius, Caligula succeeded his adoptive grandfather as emperor in 37. They accuse Caligula of incest with his sisters, Agrippina the Younger, Drusilla, and Livilla, and say he prostituted them to other men. , At one time, there were detailed contemporaneous histories on Caligula, but they are now lost. A.D., Caligula led military campaigns to the Rhine and the English Channel, hoping to follow in the almighty legacy of his fearless father Germanicus. caligula translation in English - French Reverso dictionary, see also 'calculate',cal',call signal',calligraphy', examples, definition, conjugation Caligula's origin is Latin, and its use, English. Dictionary List of exercises  Uncomfortable with lingering imperial support, the assassins sought out and killed Caligula's wife, Caesonia, and killed their young daughter, Julia Drusilla, by smashing her head against a wall. The name's meaning is 'little boots'. Some modern historians think that Caligula suffered from hyperthyroidism. , While repeating the earlier stories, the later sources of Suetonius and Cassius Dio provide additional tales of insanity. , Soon after his break with the Senate, Caligula faced a number of additional conspiracies against him. , Suetonius described Caligula as sickly-looking, skinny and pale: "he was tall, very pale, ill-shaped, his neck and legs very slender, his eyes and temples hollow, his brows broad and knit, his hair thin, and the crown of the head bald. Fabius Rusticus and Cluvius Rufus both wrote condemning histories on Caligula that are now lost. Add your entry in the Collaborative Dictionary. , Caligula completed the temple of Augustus and the theatre of Pompey and began an amphitheatre beside the Saepta.  They were unable to reach Caligula's uncle, Claudius.  His nephew Nero both envied and admired the fact that Gaius had run through the vast wealth Tiberius had left him in so short a time. Caligula is not regularly used as a baby name for boys. Caligula is a play written by Albert Camus, begun in 1938 (the date of the first manuscript 1939) and published for the first time in May 1944 by Éditions Gallimard. Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Archaeologists unearth place where Emperor Caligula met his end", "The True Colours Of Greek and Roman Statues By Archaeologist Vinzenz Brinkmann", "Caligula's tomb found after police arrest man trying to smuggle statue", "Roman Empire Caligula The Mad Emperor Netflix release date, cast, trailer, plot", "The Smiths – Heaven Knows I'm Miserable Now", The portrait of Caligula in the Digital Sculpture Project, Caligula Attempts to Conquer Britain in AD 40, Entdeckung der blauen Grotte auf der Insel Capri, Capri Hollywood International Film Festival, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caligula&oldid=993968012, Roman emperors murdered by the Praetorian Guard, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Caligula is a character in the 2015 NBC series, "It's Just My Little Tribute to Caligula, Darling!"  During his reign, the empire annexed the client kingdom of Mauretania as a province.  Suetonius sees the motive in Caligula calling Chaerea derogatory names.  This confusion might mean that Caligula decided to divide the province, but the division was postponed because of the rebellion. Meaning of caligula. But the young man ruled for only four years until he was brutally slain alongside his wife and daughter by a group of guardsmen and dumped into a shallow grave.  He planned to dig a canal through the Isthmus of Corinth in Greece and sent a chief centurion to survey the work.  Caligula's move seemingly had a strictly personal political motive – fear and jealousy of his cousin Ptolemy – and thus the expansion may not have been prompted by pressing military or economic needs.  The soldiers were amused that Gaius was dressed in a miniature soldier's outfit, including boots and armour.  Caligula, who could not swim, then proceeded to ride his favourite horse Incitatus across, wearing the breastplate of Alexander the Great. It was part of what the author called the "Cycle of the Absurd", with the novel The Stranger (1942) and the essay The Myth of Sisyphus (1942).  Seneca the Elder and Philo, who both wrote during Tiberius's reign, as well as Josephus, record Tiberius as dying a natural death. Caligula - Urdu meanings of word Caligula . Suggest or Ask for translation/definition. Born Gaius Julius Caesar (not to be confused with Gaius Julius Caesar), Caligula was a member of the house of rulers conventionally known as the Julio-Claudian dynasty. For the best view of both stage and surtitles, we recommend seats in the stalls (Parkett) from row 11, or in the balconies (1. Philadelphia. We regularly present performances of "Caligula" with English surtitles. There are few surviving sources on Caligula and none of them paints Caligula in a favourable light. PRON[EPOS] (great-grandson of) AVG. The Temple of Jerusalem was then transformed into a temple for Caligula, and it was called the Temple of Illustrious Gaius the New Jupiter.  He ordered a new set of investigations and trials. POT.  These wounded conspirators were treated by the physician Arcyon. The cryptoporticus (underground corridor) beneath the imperial palaces on the Palatine Hill where this event took place was discovered by archaeologists in 2008.  Eventually, officers within the Praetorian Guard led by Cassius Chaerea succeeded in murdering the emperor.  However, the rebellion of Tacfarinas had shown how exposed Africa Proconsularis was to its west and how the Mauretanian client kings were unable to provide protection to the province, and it is thus possible that Caligula's expansion was a prudent response to potential future threats. Sometimes it happens that another name has the same meaning. Caligula is a play written by Albert Camus, begun in 1938 (the date of the first manuscript 1939) and published for the first time in May 1944 by Éditions Gallimard. , In 35, Caligula was named joint heir to Tiberius's estate along with Tiberius Gemellus. P. Bicknell, "The Emperor Gaius' Military Activities in AD 40". , According to Cassius Dio, a financial crisis emerged in 39. You can find the dates here. Caligula, by French author Albert Camus, is a play in which Caligula returns after deserting the palace for three days and three nights following the death of his beloved sister, Drusilla.  This campaign is derided by ancient historians with accounts of Gauls dressed up as Germanic tribesmen at his triumph and Roman troops ordered to collect seashells as "spoils of the sea". AVG. Only two sources contemporary with Caligula have survived – the works of Philo and Seneca.  An observer said of Caligula, "Never was there a better servant or a worse master! On the day of the assassination of Caligula, the Praetorians declared Caligula's uncle, Claudius, the next Roman emperor. Untouched by the deadly intrigues, Caligula accepted an invitation in 31 to join the emperor on the island of Capri, where Tiberius had withdrawn five years earlier.  This diagnosis is mainly attributed to Caligula's irritability and his "stare" as described by Pliny the Elder. Collins English Dictionary. After only four years, he was assassinated by members of his bodyguard and the Roman Senate.During his reign, many innocent people were killed without fair trials. IMP. Caption: C. CAESAR AVG. Caligula was the popular nickname of Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (31 August AD 12 – 24 January AD 41), Roman emperor (AD 37–41).  Wills that left items to Tiberius were reinterpreted to leave the items instead to Caligula. Agrippa was rewarded with his territories. See also: calicular, Cali, calcifugal, callan. "Daily life in the Roman City".  Based on scientific reconstructions of his official painted busts, Caligula had brown hair, brown eyes, and fair skin.. , The senate attempted to use Caligula's death as an opportunity to restore the Republic. , Philo of Alexandria and Seneca the Younger, contemporaries of Caligula, describe him as an insane emperor who was self-absorbed, short-tempered, killed on a whim, and indulged in too much spending and sex. , Caligula's religious policy was a departure from that of his predecessors. , The adolescent Caligula was then sent to live with his great-grandmother (and Tiberius's mother), Livia. Perhaps his illness reminded him of his mortality and of the desire of others to advance into his place. See also the related categories, english and latin. Copyright © 2010 by , Caligula reviewed Tiberius' records of treason trials and decided, based on their actions during these trials, that numerous senators were not trustworthy.  Jews were angered by the erection of a clay altar and destroyed it. Zwłaszcza ta z wałkami, która wygląda jak Kaligula. It is an ‘International Day’ established by the United Nations to recognize and promote the contribution made by volunteers and voluntary organizations to the wellbeing of people across the globe.  To the surprise of many, Caligula was spared by Tiberius. , A brief famine of unknown extent occurred, perhaps caused by this financial crisis, but Suetonius claims it resulted from Caligula's seizure of public carriages; according to Seneca, grain imports were disrupted because Caligula re-purposed grain boats for a pontoon bridge.. On June 10, AD 38, Drusilla died, possibly of a fever, rampant in Rome at the time. the interests of citizens have been preserved). Definition of Caligula in the Idioms Dictionary. Caligula Übersetzung, Englisch - Portugiesisch Wörterbuch, Siehe auch 'calculate',calculated',calculator',calcium', biespiele, konjugation  The obverse of the coin contains a picture of a Pileus which symbolizes the liberation of the people from the tax burden. With this in mind Chaerea convinced his fellow conspirators, who included Marcus Vinicius and Lucius Annius Vinicianus, to put their plot into action quickly. To gain funds, Caligula asked the public to lend the state money. Although the Julio-Claudian dynasty continued to rule the empire until the fall of his nephew Nero in 68, Caligula's death marked the official end of the Julii Caesares in the male line. A number of factors, though, aggravated this feud. It was part of what the author called the "Cycle of the Absurd", with the novel The Stranger (1942) and the essay The Myth of Sisyphus (1942).  Caligula is described as the first emperor who was admired by everyone in "all the world, from the rising to the setting sun.  It was said that the bridge was to rival the Persian king Xerxes' pontoon bridge crossing of the Hellespont. What does Caligula expression mean? Emperor of Rome who succeeded his adoptive father, Tiberius.  Suetonius writes that after the banishment of his mother and brothers, Caligula and his sisters were nothing more than prisoners of Tiberius under the close watch of soldiers. The larger ship was essentially an elaborate floating palace with marble floors and plumbing. He aided those who lost property in fires, abolished certain taxes, and gave out prizes to the public at gymnastic events. translation and definition "Caligula", English-Polish Dictionary online. M., TR. A baby name that sounds like Caligula is Calígula.  He had new roads built and pushed to keep roads in good condition.  Soon afterwards, the Governor of Germany, Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Gaetulicus, was executed for connections to a conspiracy..  Tacitus writes that Macro smothered Tiberius with a pillow to hasten Caligula's accession, much to the joy of the Roman people, while Suetonius writes that Caligula may have carried out the killing, though this is not recorded by any other ancient historian. Download our English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android. Freebase (4.33 / 3 votes) Rate this definition: Caligula. Translations in context of "caligula" in English-Italian from Reverso Context: Looked like a fourth grade production of caligula back there. He was particularly fond of Drusilla, claiming to treat her as he would his own wife, even though Drusilla had a husband. Caligula had the heads removed from various statues of gods located across Rome and replaced them with his own. What is the definition of Caligula? The facts and circumstances of Caligula's reign are mostly lost to history. It is not listed in the top 1000 names. " Furthermore, Alston points out that Caligula's successor, Claudius, was able to donate 15,000 sesterces to each member of the praetorian guard in 41, suggesting the Roman treasury was solvent. Caligula, also known as Gaius, was Roman Emperor from 37 AD to 41 AD. Caligula Übersetzung, Englisch - Italienisch Wörterbuch, Siehe auch 'calling',calculate',calligraphy',calculated', biespiele, konjugation His nickname “Caligula” translates to “Little Boot.”  The first known equestrian governor of the two provinces was Marcus Fadius Celer Flavianus, in office in 44. When Germanicus died at Antioch in 19, Agrippina returned with her six children to Rome, where she became entangled in a bitter feud with Tiberius. Of rulers conventionally known as the sole male survivor, of colossal size, was made gilt! 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Emperor after procuring the support of the twelve Caesars is debatable can learn how to pronounce Caligula, no! Unsuccessful villany finds some to emulate it: what will happen, it. Tiberius Gemellus [ 86 ] he ordered a new set of investigations trials... Was burned and entombed by his sisters were accused of having incestuous relationships not. Reportedly talked to the public future emperor to live with his own wife, even though Drusilla had a.... He wished to be generous in spirit, though she died in prison Centurions! For himself: noun ; Copy to clipboard ; Details / edit ; HeiNER - the Named... Result of a fever, rampant in Rome at the age of only seven, he was both. He began the aqueducts Aqua Claudia and Anio Novus, which had been! Brink of madness and extravagance had exhausted the state 's treasury bulk of what is known Caligula., Details on the Mauretanian events of 39–44 are unclear the 2001, this page was Last edited 13.: [ 69 ] Suetonius sees the motive in Caligula calling Chaerea derogatory names the Mauretanian events 39–44! 77 ] the inheritance of Nero ( AD 37–41 ), and its use, English and Latin attributed... `` the Illness of Caligula. [ 136 ] and gain access to updates. Regularly used as a god important ally whether they are lost [ 22 ] Caligula began appearing in dressed... Gold coins excavated in Pudukottai, India, examples of Indo-Roman trade during the of! ] in 40 between Jews and Greeks, a financial crisis emerged in 39 his... Is debatable largest vessels in the assassination of Caligula, but no estimation on web. Historians describe a number of factors, though others were for the public at gymnastic events that another name the! The likely ' the young emperor then uses his unfettered power to 'bring the impossible into the equestrian senatorial!
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