pangola grass feedipedia

As a forage shrub, pigeonpea can be interplanted with grasses. Digitaria eriantha is susceptible to the rust Puccinia oahuensis which is a widespread disease found in the Americas and Australia. When used as a forage crop P. phaseoloides is mainly grazed. In the cool season, a 60-day rotation is recommended for high production. Pangola grass definition, a grass, Digitaria decumbens, native to southern Africa, cultivated for hay and forage in the southeastern U.S. See more. However, it does not as well with signal grass (Brachiaria decumbens) and pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha) (FAO, 2015; Cook et al., 2005). Pests and diseases . This grass demonstrates great potential for farmers in Africa in subtropical and tropical climates, mostly for livestock feed. Digitaria eriantha is sensitive to photoperiod and therefore requires ample sunshine for fast growth. The estimated appropriate soil pH is >4.2. Pangola in the United States is used because of its resistance to root-knot nematode and thrives on sandy soils infested with cotton root-knot nematode.[5]. For larger-scale animal production, detoxified jatropha Jatropha sp.) Feedipedia. Home; About Feedipedia; Team; Partners; Sponsoring; Contact us; Search form. Feed categories. Pigeon pea can be grown in pure stands or sown with Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana), Cynodon dactylon and molasses grass (Melinis minutiflora) in Hawaii, and with pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha) in Brazil (FAO, 2016a). Establishment. Ideal for planting behind a single tyne ripper etc. All feeds; Forage plants. Pangola grass is widely used as roughage for livestock to obtain quality and safety of meat and milk. Dry matter digestibility varies from 45 - 70%. [8] When bulldozed across the slope, the yield was higher than when it was bulldozed down the field. These spikelets are usually 2–4 mm long, where the lower glume is as long as the spikelet and the upper glumes are where the lemma is situated (covered with 1 mm long hairs). Digit grass is also quite tolerant of flooding and waterlogging. A food–feed production system integrates the leaves and the by-products of on-farm food production to grass production in ruminant feeding. Automatic translation . Agronomy. [5] Other insects and pests affecting D. eriantha are as follows: spittlebugs (Tomaspis spp. Digit grass responds well to nitrogen and will persist on infertile soils but yields will be low. This is a great advantage for poor farmers with soils that are prone to many weeds that can be difficult to control. Cereal and grass forages; Legume forages; Forage trees; Aquatic plants; Other forage plants; Plant products/by-products. Ability to spread. Home; About Feedipedia; Team; Partners; Sponsoring; Contact us; Search form. [6] This varies among genotypes. Stoloniferous types of D. eriantha typically can be very competitive and suppress companion crops. No data, but probably similar to M. maximus and not adversely affected by fire in the long term. Feedipedia. Feedipedia. Digitaria eriantha has moderate to high drought tolerance, which demonstrates great potential for those who live in arid or semi-arid climates, such as Sub-Saharan Africa. Pigweed (Chenopodium album) Paper. Cereal grains and by-products; … Papaya (Carica papaya) fruits, leaves and by-products. Establishment Freshly harvested seed is dormant, with ecotypes from high rainfall areas having short dormancy and ecotypes from low rainfall having extended dormancy. [7] Typically per 100 g, the forage contains 10.8 g of protein, 2.0 g of fat, 74.4 g of carbohydrate, 29.8 g of fiber, 450 mg of calcium and 350 mg of phosphorus. Automatic translation . Under very wet conditions, leaf blight caused by Rhizoctonia solani … Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha) Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) forage. Soil Req – Pangola grass can grow on a wide range of soil types from sands to heavy clays. Automatic translation . Cereal grains and by-products; … Prices and download plans . [7] The ideal condition for the digit grass is full sun and well-drained moist soils. Agronomy Guidelines for establishment and management of sown forages. Usually digit grass is used for hay and pasture. All feeds; Forage plants. In Taiwan, the pangola grass is grown on slopes angled at about 10-14 degrees. The most serious disease of D. eriantha is pangola stunt virus, transmitted by whitebacked planthopper (Sogatella furcifera Homoptera: Delphacidae), or S. kolophon. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Animal feed resources information system. Cereal and grass forages; Legume forages; Forage trees; Aquatic plants; Other forage plants; Plant products/by-products. Currently, the guideline for the production of quality Pangola Grass and field management is not established. When used as a green manure kudzu is directly incorporated into the soil. It is tolerant to droughts, water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively quickly post grazing. Panic (Panicum massaiense) Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seeds. Tall late flowering varieties are commonly grown as a food grain crop intercropped with sorghum or millet in the semi-arid tropics. [8] In the warm season, digit grass can withstand high trampling, high stocking density and 30 day rotations. The sufficient amount of nitrogen fertilizer is estimated at between 100 and 300 kg/ha N.[5] This amount should be applied at different times, rather than a single application at the start of the season. Watch Queue Queue. Freshly harvested seed is dormant, with ecotypes from high rainfall areas having short dormancy and ecotypes from low rainfall having extended dormancy. Home; About Feedipedia; Team; Partners; Sponsoring; Contact us; Search form. Guidelines for establishment and management of sown forages. While tolerant of heavy grazing, it is less so than many other stoloniferous grasses such as Digitaria eriantha (Pangola grass). Pangola grass is a tropical crop containing high protein and fibre. Pangola is a ideal pasture to plant to assist with the control of Giant rats tail grass and to control erosion once established it forms a dense coverage which helps to reduce germination of seed. Spread rapidly by runners and seed, particularly under persistent heavy grazing or regilar mowing. It is also important to monitor levels of phosphorus and other nutrients throughout the entire growing season.[5]. Rumput ini toleran terhadap kekeringan, tingkat kejenuhan tanah terhadap air, menekan gulma, dan tumbuh relatif cepat pasca penggembalaan. As with all tropical grasses, the feeding value of pangola grass is very dependent on the stage of growth and level of fertilisation, young growth having much higher protein and digestibility levels than older growth. Fire. [8] Thus, if this grass is grazed on time, this crop has great potential for poor farmers who require large yields for their livestock or pasture. About Feedipedia; Team; Partners; Sponsoring; Contact us; Search form. Legumes: Macroptilium atropurpureum, Macrotyloma axillare, Leucaena leucocephala. Digit grass generally is also frost sensitive, where many genotypes show differences in frost tolerance. Soil Req – Pangola grass can grow on a wide range of soil types from sands to heavy clays. [5] This grass thrives in warm, moist environments where it will generally grow very quickly. Frost affects the grasses ability to regrow after frosting.[5]. Sponsored by. tussock grasses for permanent pasture. [5] The crop offers great potential to poor farmers due to its potential for fairly high yield, and the low labour required to sustain production and pasture health. BRIDGEWALL TEMPERATURE PDF. Phosphorus concentration can be too low for livestock on soils with low phosphorus levels. A cultivar of Milanje finger grass (D. setivalva), formally denoted as 'Mardi' in Malaysia, is used for its high production in wet tropics. summarized primarily from Sweet & Burke and Feedipedia ... Smuts finger grass, digit grass) Description – More or less robust perennial, growing either as a dense tussock, with or without extended stolons or as a continuous stoloniferous sward. Cereal and grass forages; Legume forages; Forage trees; Aquatic plants; Other forage plants; Plant products/by-products. ), Rhodes grass mealy bug (Antonina graminis), chinch bug (Blissus leucopterus), sugar-cane aphid (Sipha flava), armyworms, root-knot nematodes and smut fungi. developed. [6] Typically, it is the digit grass seed’s head that will be infected by smut and only under humid conditions. The common name for D. eriantha, Pangola grass, refers to the Pongola River in the eastern Transvaal in South Africa, where the grass is thought to have originated (CTAHR, 2016). meal is a noteworthy alternative protein source. Practical information: tips and solutions. summarized primarily from Sweet & Burke and Feedipedia ... Smuts finger grass, digit grass) Description – More or less robust perennial, growing either as a dense tussock, with or without extended stolons or as a continuous stoloniferous sward. Feed categories. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. [5] The leaf blades are typically 5–60 cm long, 2–14 mm wide and may be either hairy or smooth. Feed categories. It grows relatively well in various soils, but grows especially well in moist soils. Thus it is essential to use the grazed digit grass sooner rather than later. [5] Therefore, digit grass also shows great promise in subtropical and tropical areas where rainfall is heavier and in short burst. Cereal grains and by-products; … The first and second cuttings typically produce the highest yields, while the next three averages about the same amount.[8]. Furthermore, it is considered to have low shade tolerance. This video is unavailable. When it is intended to be used in association with grasses, tropical kudzu Swazi grass is less affected by moulds and other diseases than Queensland blue couch. Sponsored by. Digitaria eriantha, commonly known as digitgrass or Pangola-grass, is a grass grown in tropical and subtropical climates. Neither is infected by pangola stunt virus (unlike many other Digitaria spp.). Digit grass can grow in a variety of soils, ranging from sands to heavy clay. Grasses: Chloris gayana, Digitaria eriantha (pangola grass), Megathyrsus maximus, Cenchrus clandestinus, C. purpureus, Setaria sphacelata, Urochloa decumbens. Feedipedia. Establishment. All genotypes are very tolerant of heavy grazing, where regular grazing is required to maintain quality and minimize diseases/pests. Moore, G, Sanford, P & Wiley, T., 2006. Feedipedia. Digit grass has low to moderate salt/alkalinity tolerance and moderate tolerance of aluminum. Was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 03:16 very competitive and suppress companion crops ; form... 30 day rotations a dense tussock with extended stolons, which are covered with or..., Sanford, P & Wiley, T., 2006 potential for farmers in in... 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Up for FREE Prices and download plans the asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by equation... Blades are typically 5–60 cm long, 2–14 mm wide and may be either hairy smooth! After the pongola River, E Transvaal, Republic of South Africa ] * * *.... Fungi, Mycosphaerella tassina, Piricularia grisea, and Rhizoctonia solani pasca penggembalaan tussock with extended stolons, which covered. Crude protein over time not adversely affected by slopes, where the direction of bulldozing affected the yield was than! But grows especially well in various soils, but grows especially well in soils. And yield moist soils, where the direction of bulldozing affected the yield was higher when... Prices and download plans the asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an.... Establishment freshly harvested seed is dormant, with ecotypes from high rainfall areas having short and. 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